Conservation Options for Landowners

Preserving the wilderness experience and environment of the Carp Hills requires keeping a large and connected area in a natural state.   Since most of the land in the Carp Hills is privately owned, landowners need to play a role in the preservation initiative.

For those landowners who want to preserve and protect their land for the future, the Friends of the Carp Hills have partnered with both Ducks Unlimited Canada (DUC) and the Mississippi Madawaska Land Trust (MMLT) to offer several conservation options. Landowners should carefully consider what both organizations offer before deciding which one to work with.

DUC is national organization dedicated to the conservation of wetlands and other natural spaces for waterfowl, wildlife, and people.  MMLT is a local, non-profit, private, registered charity organization that currently administers over 2600 acres of land in their mandate area, which includes the western part of Ottawa (primarily West Carleton), the Lower Madawaska watershed, and the Mississippi River watershed.


MMLT has created a brochure to outline landowner options: Thinking of Conserving Your Land in the Carp Hills?(PDF).  It describes how MMLT selects properties to administer and specifies different mechanisms for conservation.



There are two main options for landowners:

  1. Conservation Easement – This is a legal document that places landowner-specified restrictions on title that bind all future owners in perpetuity.   The landowner can continue to live on and/or enjoy the land, and can sell it or bequeath it as with any other owned land. DUC or MMLT is required to monitor the use of the land to ensure that the restrictions are followed by current and future owners.
  2.  Land Donation – The landowner donates or bequeaths the property to the DU or MMLT and can stipulate how the land must be managed. DUC or MMLT takes on all costs associated with the land and administers its use in accordance with the donor’s wishes.

If the land qualifies as ecologically significant, then under Environment Canada’s Ecological Gifts Program, the landowner will be eligible for tax advantages related to the value “donated” for both conservation easements and land donations, which can include elimination of capital gains taxes and charitable donation tax credits.  Two documents worth reviewing are:

The land conservation process can be complex and there are costs associated with the appraisal and legal paperwork. Landowners should contact DUC or MMLT to discuss the specifics of their situation.